When was the Choctaw New Year? Perhaps the Choctaw did not celebrate a single new year. Did they put more emphasis on the beginning, or end, of two longer seasons? Onáfa hicha Toffa, Winter and Summer. This line of thinking can be justified somewhat etymologically. The names Onáfapi hicha Toffapi, Fall and Spring, are derivatives of the names for Winter and Summer. They mean something like stem of Winter, and stem of Summer. But if the Choctaw season Onáfa was known to start with the autumnal equinox, and Toffa with the Vernal equinox, then the names for Fall and Spring may have just been created to match outside cultures that named four seasons. It requires a shift in perspective to answer the initial question. There is still more shifting ahead. Keep looking to the moons!